المصادر العربية

 

الاقتصاد العربي (مجلة), "الاقتصاد العربي", عدد رقم 61, يوليو/تموز,

          1981, ص 23-27.

الاقتصاد العربي (مجلة) "الاقتصاد العربي", عدد رقم 71, يونيو/حزيران-

          يوليو/تموز, 1982, صفحة 15.

البشري (طارق), "الخلف بين النخبة والجماهير إزاء العلاقة بين القومية

          العربية والإسلام", الفصل السادس من كتاب "القومية العربية

          والإسلام" (بيروت: مركز دراسات الوحدة العربية, 1981), ص

          275-300.

البراك (فاضل), "مصطفى البرزاني: الأسطورة والحقيقة" (بغداد: دار الشئون

          الثقافية العامة, 1989).

التل (عبد الله), "النكبة والبلاء: مذكرات عبد الله التل, قائد القوات الأردنية في

          القدس عام 1948" (القاهرة, 1957).

الجابري (محمد عبد), "فكر ابن خلدون: العصبية والدولة" (بيروت: دار

          الطليعة, 1982).

الجاسم (خزعل), "عائدات وفوائض الدول العربية المصدرة للبترول" (دبي:

          ملف البيان, رقم 3, ديسمبر/كانون ثاني 1981), ص 32-36.

جاسم (عزيز السيد), "تأميم النفط" (بيروت: المؤسسة العربية للبحث والنشر,

          1972).

جوده (أحمد حسن), "المصالح البريطانية في الكويت حتى عام 1939" ,

          ترجمة حسن علي النجار (بغداد: منشورات مركز دراسات الخليج

          العربي بجامعة البصرة, مطبعة الإرشاد, 1979).

 

 

خلف الله (محمد أحمد), "التكويت التاريخي لمفاهيم الأمة, القومية, الوطنية,

     الدولة, والعلاقة بينها", الفصل الأول من كتاب "القومية العربية

     والاسلام" (بيروت: مركز دراسات الوحدة العربية, 1981), ص

     17-29.

الخولي (محمد), " "القومية العربية والإسلام" (بيروت: مركز دراسات الوحدة

          العربية, 1981), ص 51.

الدوري (عبد العزيز), "القومية العربية والإسلام" (بيروت: مركز دراسات

     الوحدة العربية, 1981), ص 31-40.

الرشيد (عبد العزيز), "تاريخ الكويت" (بيروت: دار مكتبة الحياة, 1960).

الريِّس (رياض نجيب), "رياح الشمال: السعودية والخليج والعرب في عالم

          التسعينات" (بيروت: رياض الريِّس للكتب والنشر, 1998).

السعيد (ناصر), "تاريخ آل سعود" (بيروت: مطبعة الاتحاد, 1979).

شاميه (جبران), "آل سعود: ماضيهم ومستقبلهم" (لندن: مطبوعات صحاري,

          1989).

الشملان (سيف مرزوق), "من تاريخ الكويت" (القاهرة: دار نهضة مصر,

          1959).

الصلح (منح), "التمايز والتكامل بين القومية العربية والإسلام" الفصل الخامس

          من كتاب "القومية العربية والإسلام" (بيروت: مركز دراسات الوحدة

          العربية, 1981), ص 213-227.

العزوني (أسعد), "رياح السموم" (عمان: العزوني, 1992).

عماره (محمد), "الجامعة العربية والجامعة الإسلامية", الفصل الرابع من

          كتاب "القومية العربية والإسلام" (بيروت: مركز دراسات الوحدة

          العربية, 1981), ص 145-175.

 

 

عيلبوني (خليل), "الذكرى الواحدة والعشرين للأوبك" (دبي: ملف البيان, رقم

          3, ديسمبر/كانون ثاني, 1981).

الفرحان (ر. أ.), "مختصر تاريخ الكويت" (القاهرة: مكتبة دار العروبة,

          1960).

الفرزلي (نقولا), "الصراع العربي الفارسي" (باريس: منشورات العالم

          العربي, 1982).

كنفاني (غسان), "الأدب العربي الفلسطيني المقاوم تحت الاحتلال: 1948-

          1968" (بيروت: مؤسسة الأبحاث العربية, 1981).

لباده (محمد خيري), "هكذا عذبونا في الكويت" (عمان: المكتبة الوطنية,

          1991).

المارديني (زهير), "ألف يوم مع الحاج أمين" (بيروت: المارديني, 1980).

     مجلس الأمة الكويتي, "التقرير العسكري للجنة تقصي الحقائق"

     (فلوريدا: صحيفة المنبر, عدد 53, أغسطس/آب 1995).

نصر (مارلين), " القومية العربية والإسلام" (بيروت: مركز دراسات الوحدة

          العربية, 1981), ص 247-256.

هويدي (أمين), "موقف القوى الخارجية وتحركها في مواجهة العروبة

          والإسلام: نظرة معاصرة", الفصل الثاني عشر من كتاب "القومية

          العربية والإسلام" (بيروت: مركز دراسات الوحدة العربية,

          1981), ص 687-711.

اليوسف (يوسف سامي), "غسان كنفاني: رعشة المأساة" (عمان: دار منارات

          للنشر, 1985).

 

 

المصادر الأجنبية

 

 

Abu-Hakima, Ahmed Mustafa. 1982. The Modern

      History of Kuwait, 1750-1965. Montreal:

      McGill University.

Aburish, Said K. 1995. The Rise, Corruption, and

      Coming Fall of the House of Saud. New York:

      St. Martin’s Press.

Aburish, Said K. 1997. A Brutal Friendship: The

      West and the Arab Elite. New York: St.

      Martin’s Press.

Ajami, Fouad. 1997. “The Arab Inheritance.”

Foreign Affairs (September/October).

Ajami, Fouad. 1989. “Iran: The Impossible

Revolution.” Foreign Affairs, Winter

1988/89.

Al-Bazzaz, Sa'ad. 1989. "Gulf War: The Israeli

      Connection." Baghdad: Dar Al-Ma'mun.

Al-Dujayli, Mussab H. 1986. "Political,

      Strategic, and Economic Effects on Arab

      Relations with the Third World." Pp. 113-

      129 in Farid, Abdel Majid and Hussein

      Sirriyeh. (Eds.). The Decline of Arab Oil

      Revenues. London: Croom Helm.

Al-Ebraheem, Hassan A. 1975. "Kuwait: A Political

      Study." Kuwait: Kuwait University.

Alessa, Salman Y. 1981. "The Manpower Problem in

      Kuwait." London: Kegan Paul International.

Alexander, Jeffrey, and Paul Colomy. 1990.

      "Neofunctionalism: Reconstructing a

      Theoretical Tradition." Pp. 33-67 in George

Ritzer (Ed.). "Frontiers of Social Theory: The New Synthesis." New York: Colombia

University Press.

Allen, Thomas B., F. Clifton Berry, and Norman

Polmar. 1991. War in the Gulf. Atlanta, GA:

Turner Publishing Inc. (CNN).

 

Al-Qudsi, Sulayman S. and Nasra A. Shah. 1991.

      "The Relative Economic Progress of Male

      Foreign Workers in Kuwait." International

      Migration Review, 25(1): 141-166.

Al-Sabah, Suad M. 1983. Development Planning in

      an Oil Economy and the Role of the Woman:

      The Case of Kuwait. London: Eastlords

Publishing Ltd.

Al-Sabah, Youssif S. Fadel. 1980. The Oil Economy

      of Kuwait. London: Kegan Paul International

      Ltd.

Al-Shahi, Ahmed (Ed). 1993. Disorientation, A

      Society in Flux: Kuwait in the 1950,"

      Reading, UK: Ithaca Press.

Al-Yahya, Muhammed. 1993. Kuwait: Fall and

      Rebirth. London: Kegan Paul   International.

Amin, Samir. 1976. Unequal Development: An Essay

      on the Social Frmations of Peripheral

      Capitalism. New York: Monthly Review

      Press (Pp. 287-292).

Ammash, Huda S. 2000. “Toxic Pollution, the Gulf

      War, and Sanctions.” Pp. 169-178, in

      Arnove, Anthony and Ali Abunimah (Eds.).

      Iraq Under siege: The Deadly Impact of

      Sanctions and War. Cambridge, MA: South End

      Press.

Amnesty International. 1990. Iraq/Occupied

      Kuwait: Human Rights Volations Since August

      2, 1990. New York: Amnesty International.

Aramco. 1968. Aramco Handbook: Oil and the Middle

      East. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Arabian

      American Oil Company.

Aruri, Naseer. 2000. “America’s War Against Iraq:

      1990-1999.” Pp. 23-33 in Arnove, Anthony

      and Ali Abunimah (Eds.). Iraq Under siege:

      The Deadly Impact of Sanctions and War.

      Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Asiri, Abdul-Reda. 1990. Kuwait's Foreign Policy:

      City State in World Politics. Boulder,

      Westview Press.

Aspin, Les. 1991. The Aspin Papers: Sanctions,

      Diplomacy, and War in the Persian Gulf.

      Washington D.C.: The Center for Strategic

      and International Studies.

Aspin, Les and William Dickinson. 1992. Defense

      for a New Era: Lessons of the Persian Gulf

      War. House Armed Services Committee, U.S.

      Congress. Washington: Brassey's (US), Inc.

Atlanta Journal/Atlanta Constitution. 1991. Was

      the truth told about warning to Iraq?

      Saturday, July 13, A7.

Badsey, Stephen. 1992. AThe Doctrines of the

      Coalition Forces.@ Pp. 57-79 in Pimlott,

      John and Stephen Badsey (eds). The Gulf War

      Assessed. London: Arms and Armour Press.

Baker, James III. 1995. The Politics of

      Diplomacy: Revolution, War, and Peace 1989-

      1992. New York: G.P. Putnam=s Sons.

Benn, Anthony. 1998. Parliamentarian Debates. The

      British House of Commons. Aired on the

      C-Span TV Network, on February 17, 1998.

Bernstein, Richard. 1993. AA Growing Islamic

      Presence: Balancing Sacred and Secular.@

      New York Times, May 2.

Bin Sultan, Khaled. 1995. Desert Warrior: A

      Personal View of the Gulf War by the Joint

      Forces Commander. New York: HarperCollins

      Publishers.

Black, Ian and Benny Morris. 1991. Israel's

      Secret Wars: A History of Israel's

      Intelligence Services. New York: Grove

      Weidenfeld.

Blau, Peter M, Terry C. Blum, and Joseph E.

      chwartz. 1982. "Heterogeneity and

      Intermarriage.” American Sociological

      Review, Vol. 47: 45-61.

Botev, Nikolai. 1994. "Where East Meets West:

      Ethnic Intermarriage in the Former

      Yugoslavia, 1962 to 1989." American

      Sociological Review, Vol. 59(June): 461-

      480.

   Bourke, John Gregory. 1896. "Notes on the Language

            and Folk-Usage of the Rio Grande Valley." The

Journal of American Folk-lore, 9(33): 80-116.

Brand, Laurie A. 1988. Palestinians in the Arab

      World: Institution Building and the Search

      for State. New York: Columbia University

      Press.

Brzezinski, Zbigniew. 1988. “America’s New

Geostrategy.” Foreign Affairs. Vol. 66, No.

4, Pp. 680-699.

Brown, Ben and David Shukman. 1991. All Necessary

      Means. London: BBC Books.

Buchan, James. 1986. “The Return of the Ikwan,

      1979.” Pp. 511-526 in David Holden and

      Richard Johns, The House of Saud: The Rise

      and Rule of the Most Powerful Dynasty in

      the Arab World. New York: Holt, Rinehart,

      and Winston.

Bulliet, Richard W. 1993. “The Future of the

Islamic Movement.” Foreign Affairs

(November/December).

Burton, James G. 1993. The Pentagon Wars:

      Reformers, Challenge the Old Guard.

      Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press.

Bush, George and Brent Scowcroft. 1998. A World

      Transformed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Bush, President George and his National Security

Advisor, Brent Scowcroft. 1998. The Gulf

War. Frontline: PBS (January 18).

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique. 1972 (July-August).

      Dependency and Development in Latin

      America. New Left Review (74): 85.

Carus, Seth. 1989. The Genie Unleashed: Iraq’s

Chemical and Biological Weapons Production.

Washington, D.C.: The Washington Institute

for Near East Policy.

Center for Defense Information. 2000. U.S.

      Military Spending. Washington, D.C.: CDI.

      http://www.cdi.org

 

 

Center for Defense Information. 1996. The Defense

      Monitor. Volume 35(6). Washington, D.C.:

      CDI.

Center for Defense Information. 1996. 1995 CDI

      Military Almanac. Washington, D.C.: CDI.

Christison, Kathleen. 1999. Perceptions of

Palestine: Their Influence on U.S. Middle

East Policy. Berkeley: University of

California Press.

Christison, Kathleen. 1998. “Bound by a Frame of

Reference, Part III: U.S. Policy and the

Palestinians, 1988-1998,” Journal of

Palestine Studies, (Summer), Pp. 53-56.

Cipkowski, Peter. 1992. Understanding the Crisis

      in the Persian Gulf. New York: John Wiley &

      Sons, Inc.

Clark, Ramsey. 2000. Report to UN Security

Council re: Iraq. January 26. International

Action Center. http://www.iacenter.org

Clarke, Duncan L. 1992 (1989). American

Defense and Foreign Policy

Institutions: Toward a Sound

Foundation. New York: University Press of

America.

Cleveland, William L. 1971. The Making of an Arab

      Nationalist: Ottomanism and Arabism

      in Life and Thought of Sati' Al-Husri.

      Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University

      Press.

Cockburn, Alexander. 1991. “Back to Dropping Up

      Saddam.” Los Angeles Times. April 4.

Comaroff, John L. 1995. "Ethnicity, Nationalism,

      and the Politics of Difference In an Age of

      Revolution" Pp.243-276 in Comaroff, John

      L. and Paul C. stern (Eds). Perspectives on

      Nationalism and War. Amsterdam: Gordon and

      Breach Publishers.

Congress, The U.S. 1991. Human Rights and

      Democracy in Kuwait. Hearings before the

      subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East,

      The U.S. House of Representatives, June 11-

      12. Washington: Government Printing Office.

Crystal, Jill. 1992. Kuwait: The Transformation

      of an Oil State. Boulder: Westview Press.

Daneshkhu, Sheherazade. 1990. "Opec gives in."

      Pp. 6-8 in Middle East International. No.

      381, August 3.

Dickson, H. R. P. 1956. Kuwait And Her

      Neighbours. London: George Allen & Unwin

      Ltd.

Divine, Robert, 1967. Second Chance. New York:

      Atheneum.

Domhoff, G. William. 1998. Who Rules America?

      Power and Politics in the Year 2000.

      Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Pub. Co.

Domhoff, G. William. 1990. The Power Elite and

      the State: How Policy Is Made in America.

      New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Druckman, Daniel. 1995. "Social-Psychological

Aspects of Nationalism," Pp. 47-98 in John

L. Comaroff and Paul C. Stern, Perspectives

on Nationalism and War. Amsterdam: Gordon

and Breach Publishers.

EIA. 1997. OPEC Fact Sheet.

      (http://www.eia.doe.gov:80/   emeu/cabs/opec.html).

Eisenstadt, Michael. 1990. The Sword of the

Arabs: Iraq’s Strategic Weapons.

Washington, D.C.: The Washington Institute

for Near East Policy.

EIU (Economist Intelligence Unit, The). 1990.

      Kuwait in the 1990s: A Society Under Seige.

      London: EIU.

EIU (Economist Intelligence Unit, The). 1996.

      Country Reports. London: EIU.

El-Azhary, M. S. 1984. The Impact of Oil Revenues

      on Arab Gulf Development. London: Croom

      Helm.

El-Mallakh, Ragaei and Jacob K. Atta. 1981. The

      Absorptive Capacity of Kuwait. Lexington,

      Massachusetts: Lexington Books.

 

El-Najjar, Hassan A. 1993. "Planned Emigration:

      The Palestinian Case." International

      Migration Review. Volume 27(1).

El-Najjar, Hassan A. 1988. Effects of Planned

      Change on Social Organization: A Case Study

      of a Palestinian Refugee Camp. A Master's

      Thesis. Athens: The University of Georgia.

Faour, Muhammad. 1993. The Arab World After the

      Storm. Washington, D.C.: United States

      Institute of Peace Press.

Farah, Tawfic. 1988. Attitudes to the Arab Nation

and the State in Arab Public Opinion

Polls." Pp. 94-108 in Luciani, Giacomo and

      Ghassan Salame (Eds.). The Politics of Arab

      Integration. London: Groom Helm.

Farah, Tawfic, Faisal Al-Salem, and Maria Kolman

      Al-Salem. 1980. "Alienation and Expatriate

      Labor in Kuwait." Journal of South Asian

      and Middle Eastern Studies 4(1): 3-40.

Farid, Abdel Majid and Hussein Sirriyeh. 1986.

      The Decline of Arab Oil Revenues. London:

      Croom Helm in association with the Arab

Research Center, London.

Farsoun, Samih K. and Christina Zacharia. 1997.

      Palestine and the Palestinians. Boulder,

      CO: Westview Press.

Finnie, David H. 1992. Shifting Lines in the

      Sand: Kuwait Elusive Frontier with Iraq.

      Cambridge, MASS: Harvard University Press.

Frank, Anre Gunder. 1972. "The Development of

      Underdevelopment," in James D. Cockcroft,

Andre Gunder Frank, and Dale L. Johnson,

      Development and Underdevelopment: Latin
      America's Political Economy. (Pp. 3-17).
      Garden City: Anchor Books.

Frank, Andre Gunder. 1967. Capitalism and

      Underdevelopment in Latin America:

      Historical Studies of Chile and Brazil.

      (Pp. 6-14). New York: Monthly Review Press.

 

 

Ghabra, Shafeeq. 1991. "The Iraqi Occupation of

      Kuwait: An Eyewitness Account." Journal of

      Palestine Studies Volume No. 20(2): 112-

      125.

Ghabra, Shafeeq. 1987. Palestinians in Kuwait:

      The Family and the Politics of Survival.

      Boulder: Westview.

Ghareeb, Edmund. 1990. "The Roots of Crisis: Iraq

      and Iran." Pp. 21-38 in Christopher C.

      Joyner. (Ed.). The Persian Gulf War:

      Lessons for Strategy, Law, and Diplomacy.

      New York: Greenwood Press.

Ghareeb, Edmund. 1981. The Kurdish Question in

      Iraq. New York: Syracuse University Press.

Gordon, Michel R. and General Bernard E. Trainor.

      1995. The Generals War: The Inside story of

      Conflict in the Gulf. New York: Little,

      Brown and Company.

Graz, Liesl. 1990. "Iraqi sabres rattle in the

Gulf." Pp. 3-4 in Middle East

International. No. 381, August 3.

Grimes, Millard B. and Tom Barry. 1997. “Nunn on

Security, the Economy, the Environment.”

Georgia Trend, November, Pp. 20-26.

Haass, Richard. 1998. The Gulf War. Frontline,

PBS.http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/gulf/oral/haass/1.html

Hallaj, Muhammed. 1980. "The Mission of

      Palestinian Higher Education," Journal of

      Palestine Studies, 9(4): 75-95.

Hardin, Russell. 1995. "Self Interest, Group

      Identification." Pp. 15-45 in Comaroff,

John L. and Paul C. stern (Eds). Perspectives on Nationalism and War.

Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Publishers.

Healey, John G. 1991. Human Rights and Democracy

      in Kuwait. Pp. 40-53. Hearings before the

      subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East.

      The U.S. House of Representatives, June 11.

      Wshington: U.S. Government Printing Office.

 

Heidenrich, John G. 1993. AThe Gulf War: How Many

      Iraqis Died?@ Foreign Policy. Vol. No. 90:

      108-125.

Hess, Markson, and Stein. 1996. Sociology. New

      York: Allen & Beacon.

Holden, David and Richard Johns. 1981. The House

      of Saud: The Rise and Rule of the Most

      Powerful Dynasty in the Arab World. New

      York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Hooglund, Eric. 1990. "Strategic and Political

      Objectives in the Gulf War: Iran's View."

      Pp. 39-58 in Christopher C. Joyner. (Ed.).

      The Persian Gulf War: Lessons for Strategy,

      Law, and Diplomacy. New York: Greenwood

      Press.

Human Rights Watch/Middle East. 1995. The Bedoons

      of Kuwait: Citizens Without Citizenship.

      New York: Human Rights Watch.

Hunter, Shireen T. 1989. “Post Khomeini Iran.”

Foreign Affairs. Vol. 68, No. 5, Pp. 133-149.

Huntington, Samuel P. 1997. “The Erosion of

American National Interests.” Foreign

Affairs (September/October).

Huntington, Samuel P. 1996. The Clash of

Civilizations and the remaking of World

Order. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. “The Clash of

Civilizations.” Foreign Affairs (Summer).

Ismael, Jacqeline S. 1993 (1982) Kuwait:

      Dependency and Class in a Rentier State.

      Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

Jaber, Nadim. 1990. "What could come out of

      Jeddah?" P. 5 in Middle East International.

      No. 381, August 3.

Johany, Ali D., Michel Berne, and J. Wilson

      Mixon, Jr. 1986. The Saudi Arabian Economy.

      Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Joudah, Ahmad H. 1964. British Interests in

      Kuwait to 1939. A Master's Thesis. Austin:

      The University of Texas.

Joyner, Christopher C. (Ed.). 1990. The Persian

      Gulf War: Lessons for Strategy, Law, and

      Diplomacy. New York: Greenwood Press.

Kechichian, Joseph A. 1990. "The Gulf Cooperation

      Council and the Gulf War." Pp. 91-110 in

      Christopher C. Joiner (Ed.). The Persian

      Gulf War: Lessons for Strategy, Law, and

      Diplomacy. New York: Greenwood Press.

Kelly, J.B. 1964. Eeasern Arabian Frontiers.

      London: Faber and Faber.

KMI (Kuwait Ministry of Information). 1986.

      Kuwait: Facts and Figures. Kuwait: The

      Ministry of Information.

Labov, Teresa and Jerry A. Jacobs. 1986.

      "Intermarriage in Hawaii, 1950-1983."

      Journal of Marriage and the Family. 48:

      79-88.

Lesh, Ann. 1991. “Palestinians in Kuwait.”

      Journal of Palestine Studies. 20(4): 42-54.

Levrani, Aharon. 1997. Israeli Strategy After

      Desert Storm: Lessons of the Second Gulf

      War. London: Frank Cass.

Lewis, Bernard. 1990. “The Roots of Muslim Rage.”

 The Atlantic Monthly (September).

Lewis, Charles. 1998. “The Buying of the

Congress.” New York: Avon Books.

Lewis, Charles. 2000. “The Buying of the

President.” New York: Avon Books.

Lienhardt, Peter. 1993. Disorientations, A

      Society in Flux: Kuwait in the 1950s,

      edited by Ahmed Al-Shahi. Reading, UK:

      Ithaca Press.

Mackey, Sandra. 1992. Passion and Politics: The

      Turbulent World of the Arabs. New York:

      Dutton.

Mackey, Sandra. 1987. The Saudis: Inside the

      Desert Kingdom. Boston: Houghton Mifflin

      Company.

 

 

 

Marr, Phebe. 1990. "The Iran-Iraq War: The View

      from Iraq." Pp. 59-74 in Christopher C.

Joyner. (Ed.). The Persian Gulf War:

Lessons for Strategy, Law, and Diplomacy.

New York: Greenwood Press.

Marullo, Sam. 1993. Ending the Cold War at Home:

      From Militarism to a More Peaceful World

      Order. New York: Lexington Books.

McCormick, Thomas J. 1995. America’s Half-

Century: United States Foreign Policy in

the Cold War and After. Baltimore: The

Johns Hopkins University Press.

McKnight, Sean. 1992. AThe Failure of the Iraqi

      Forces.@ Pp. 173-192 in Pimlott, John and

Stephen Badsey (Eds.) The Gulf War

Assessed. London: Arms and Armour.

Merton, Robert K. 1986. "Manifest and Latent

      Functions." In Social Theory and Social

      Structure, (Rev. Ed.). New York: Free

      Press.

Merton, Robert K. 1965. On the Shoulders of

      Giants: A Shandean Postscript. Sand Diego,

      CA: Harcourt (1985).

Miller, Judith. 1993. “The Challenge of Radical

Islam.” Foreign Affairs (Spring).

Mills, C. Wright. 1956. The Power Elite. New

      York: Oxford University Press.

MEW (Middle East Watch). 1991. A Victory Turned

      Sour: Human Rights in Kuwait Since

      Liberation. New York: Human Rights Watch.

Morgentau, Hans J. and K.W. Thompson. 1985.

Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for

Power and Peace. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Neff, Donald. 1990. "Nervousness in Washington."

      Pp. 6-7 in Middle East International. P. 5,

      No. 381, August 3.

Nunn, Sam. 1990. Nunn 1990: A New Military

      Strategy. Washington, D.C.: The Center for

      Strategic and International Studies.

 

 

Nunn, Sam. 1983. Critical Defense Choices.

      Atlanta, GA: Southern Center for

      International Studies.

Perry, Mark. 1994. A Fire in Zion: The Israeli-

      Palestinian Search for Peace. New York:

     William Morrow and Company, Inc.

Nye, Joseph S. Jr. 1989. “Arms Control After the

Cold War.” Foreign Affairs. Vol. 68, No. 5,

Pp. 42-64.

O'Ballance, Edgar. 1996. The Kurdish Struggle:

      1920-94. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.

Pagnini, Deanna L. and S. Philip Morgan. 1990.

      Intermarriage and Social Distance Among

      U.S. Immigrants at the Turn of the Century." American Journal of Sociology.

      96: 405-32.

Parsons, Talcott. 1951. The Social System. New

      York: Free Press.

Parsons, Talcott. 1955. "The American Family: Its

      Relations to Personality and the Social

      Structure." Pp. 3-21 in Talcott Parsons and

      Robert F. Bales (Eds.), Family

      Socialization and Interaction Process.

      Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

Peres, Shimon. 1993. The New Middle East. New

      York: Henry Holt and Company.

Pimlott, John and Stephen Badsey. 1992. The Gulf

      War Assessed. London: Arms and Armour

      Press.

Posen, Barry R. 1995. "Nationalism, the Mass

      Army, and Military Power" Pp. 135-185 in

      Comaroff, John L. and Paul C. stern (Eds).

      Perspectives on Nationalism and War.

      Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Publishers.

Posner, Michael. 1991. Human Rights and Democracy

      in Kuwait. Pp. 54-68. Hearings before the

      subcommittee on Europe and the Middle

      East. The U.S. House of Representatives,

      June 11. Washington: U.S. Government

      Printing Office.

 

Poulantzas, Nicoss. 1974 (May).

      Internationalization of Capitalist

      Relations and the Nation State. Economy and

      Society 3(2): 146-48.

Powell, Colin L. 1995. My American Journey. New

      York: Random House. Reed, Stanley. 1993.

      “The Battle for Egypt.” Foreign Affairs

      (September/October).

Reich, Bernard. 1990. AIsrael and the Iran-Iraq

      War,@ in Christopher C. Joiner (Ed.). The

      Persian Gulf War: Lessons for Strategy,

      Law, and Diplomacy. New York: Greenwood

      Press.

Robertson, Ian. 1987. Sociology. New York: Worth

      Publishing, Inc.

Rodenbeck, Max. 1990. "Mubarak plays the good

      guy." Middle East International. Pp. 5-6,

      No. 381, August 3.

Roth, Kenneth. 1991. Human Rights and Democracy

      in Kuwait. Hearings before the subcommittee

on Europe and the Middle East. The U.S.

House of Representatives, June 11.

Washington: U.S. Government Printing

Office.

Rubin, Barry.1990. “Reshaping the Middle East.”

Foreign Affairs. Vol. 69, No. 3, Pp. 131-

146.

Rush, Alan. 1987. Al-Sabah: History & Genealogy

      of Kuwait's Ruling Family 1752-1987.

      London: Ithaca Press.

Russell, Sharon Stanto. 1989. "Politics and

      Ideology in Migration Policy Formulation:

      The Case of Kuwait." International

      Migration Review Volume 20(1): 24-47.

Russell, Sharon Stanto. 1988. "Migration and

      Political Integration in the Arab World."

      Pp. 183-212 in Luciani, Giacomo and Ghassan

      Salame.(Eds.). The Politics of Arab

      Integration. New York: Croom Helm.

 

 

Sabagh, Georges. 1988. "Immigrants in the Arab

      Gulf Countries: Sojourners or Settlers?"

      Pp. 159-182 in Luciani, Giacomo and

      Ghassan Salame (Eds.). The Politics of Arab

      Integration. London: Groom Helm.

Said, Edward W. 2000. The End of the Peace

      Process, Oslo and After. New York: Pantheon

      Books.

Said, Edward W. 1997. The Myth of the Clash of

Civilizations. A video-taped lecture in

Boston: Massachausetts Institute of

Technology.

Salinger, Pierre and Eric Laurent. 1991. Secret

      Dossier: The Hidden Agenda behind the Gulf

      War. London: Penguin Books.

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman and Peter Petre. 1992. It

      Doesn't Take a Hero: The Autobiography of

      General H. Norman Schwarzkopf.  New York:

      Linda Grey Bantam Books.

Sciolino, Elaine. 1991. The Outlaw State: Saddam

      Hussein=s Quest for Power and the Gulf

      Crisis. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Sekulic, Dusko and Garth Massey. 1994. "Who Were

      the Yugoslavs? Failed Sources of a Common

      Identity in the Former Yugoslavia."

      American Sociological Review, 59(1): 83-97.

Shah, Nasra M. and Sulayman S. Al-Qudsi. 1989.

      "The Changing Characteristics of Migrant

      Workers in Kuwait." International Journal

      of Middle East Studies 21: 31-55.

Shirley, Edward G. 1995. “Is Iran’s Present

Algeria’s Future?” Foreign Affairs

(May/June).

Sibbald, Ray. 1992. “The Air War.” Pp. 105-124 in

      Pimlott, John and Stephen Badsey (eds). The

      Gulf War Assessed. London: Arms and

      Armour Press.

Sick, Gary G. and Lawrence G. Potter. (Eds.).

      1997. The Persian Gulf at the Millennium:

      Essays in Politics, Economy, Security, and

      Religion. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Silverstein, B. and R.R. Holt. 1989. "Research on

Enemy Images: Present Status and Future

Prospects." Journal of Social Issues,

45: 159-175.

SIPRI. 1996. SIPRI Yearbook 1996: Armaments,

      Disarmaments, and International Security.

      Stockholm, Sweden: SIPRI (Stockholm

      International Peace Research Institute).

Slot, B. J. 1991. The Origins Of Kuwait. New

      York: E. J. Brill.

Smith, Gerard. 1989. “A Blind Eye to Nuclear

Proliferation.” Foreign Affairs. Vol. 69,

No. 3, Pp. 1-18.

Sorensen, Theodore C. 1990. “Rethinking National

Security.” Foreign Affairs. Vol. 69, No. 3,

Pp. 1-18.

Stern, Paul C. 1995. "Why do People Sacrifice for

      Their Nations?" Pp. 99-121 in Comaroff,

      John L. and Paul C. stern (Eds). Perspectives on Nationalism and War.

Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Publishers.

Stevenson, James. 1996. Corporate State

      Capitalism and the Ideologies of

      Neoliberalism and Supply-Side Economics. A

      paper presented in a Dalton State College

      faculty meeting. Dalton, Georgia.

Tilly, Charles. 1995. "States and Nationalism in

      Europe 1492-1922" Pp. 187-204 in Comaroff,

John L. and Paul C. stern (Eds).

Perspectives on Nationalism and War.

Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Publishers.

Timmerman, Kenneth R. 1991. The Death Lobby: How

      the West Armed Iraq. New York: Houghton

      Mifflin Company.

Tiryakian, Edward A. 1995. "Nationalism and

      Modernity: A Methodological appraisal" Pp.

      205-235 in Comaroff, John L. and Paul C.

      stern (Eds). Perspectives on Nationalism

      and War. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach

      Publishers.

 

Toase, Francis. 1992. “The Land War.“ Pp. 147-172

      in Pimlott, John and Stephen Badsey (eds).

      The Gulf War Assessed. London: Arms and

      Armour Press.

Tucker, Robert W. and David C. Hendrickson. 1990.

“Thomas Jefferson and American Foreign

Policy.” Foreign Affairs. Vol. 69, No. 2,

Pp. 135-156.

Tudjman, Franjo. 1981. Nationalism in

      Contemporary Europe. Boulder, CO: East

      European Monographs.

U.S. Department of State: Human Rights Annual

      Reports. Website:       http://www.state.gov/www/global/hu…ghts/

      1999_hrp_report/saudiara.html (1991-1999).

U.S. Department of State. 1998.

http://www.state.gov/www/global/arms/bureauac/wmeat98/w98tbl1.pdf

U.S. Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the

Public Debt. 2000. http://www.publicdebt.treas.gov/opd/opdpenny.htm

U.S. Senate. 1990. Crisis in the Persian Gulf

      Region: U.S. Policy Options and

      Implications. Hearings before the Committee

      on Armed Services, United States Senate,

      One Hundred First Congress, September 11,

      13; November 27-30; December 3. Washington:

      U.S. Government Printing Office.

U.S. Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations.

      1987. War in the Persian Gulf: The U.S.

      Takes Sides. Washington, D.C.: U.S.

      Government Printing Office.

Van Hear, Nicholas. 1995. “The Impact of the

      Involuntary Mass Return to Jordan in the

      Wake of the Gulf Crisis.” International

     Migration Review, 29(2): 352-372.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. The Modern World-

      System. New York: Academic Press.

Whitaker, Brian. 1991. “In America=s Own

      Interest.” The Guardian. October 27.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1986. They Cannot Stop our Tongues:

Islamic Activism in Jordan. Washington,

D.C.: The Washington Institute for Near

East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1988. Building for Peace: An American

Strategy for the Middle East. Washington,

D.C.: The Washington Institute for Near

East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1988. Islam in the Palestinian

Uprising. Washington, D.C.: The Washington

Institute for Near East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1989. Hezbollah’s Vision of the West.

Washington, D.C.: The Washington Institute

for Near East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1992. Hamas: The Fundamentalist

Challenge to the PLO. Washington, D.C.: The

Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1993-a. Iran’s Challenge to the West:

How, when, and Why. Washington, D.C.: The

Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1993-b. Radical Middle East States

and U.S. Policy. Washington, D.C.: The

Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1995. An Islamic Republic of Algeria?

Implications for the Middle East and the

West. Washington, D.C.: The Washington

Institute for Near East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1996. Iranian Military Power:

Capabilities and Intentions. Washington,

D.C.: The Washington Institute for Near

East Policy.

 

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1997-a. Open Admissions: U.S. Policy

Toward Students from Terrorism-Supporting

Countries in the Middle East. Washington,

D.C.: The Washington Institute for Near

East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1997-b. Islamism Across the Green

Line: Relations Among Islamist Movements in

Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 1998. Iran Under Khatami: A

Political, Economic, and Military Assessment. Washington, D.C.: The

Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy,

The). 2000. What is the Washington

Institute?. Washington, D.C.: The

      Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Wright, Erik Olin. 1985. Classes. London: New

      Left Press.

Yassin, Borhanedin A. 1995. Vision or Reality?:

      The Kurds in the Policy of the Great

      Powers, 1941-1947. Lund, Sweden: Lund

      University Press.

Yetive, Steve A. 1997. The Persian Gulf Crisis.

      Westport: Greenwood Press.